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This publication presents the process of and lessons learned from the review and reorientation of a program for active health protection of mothers and children for greater health equity, with an explicit but not exclusive focus on the Roma population, carried out in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Using the methodological guide on integrating equity into health strategies, programs and activities developed by the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality of Spain, the analysis of selected services within the program shows that Roma and rural women benefit less than women from urban areas and with more education. Barriers and facilitating factors for using the services were related to their availability, accessibility and acceptability, contact with services and effectiveness of coverage.


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This article analyses the effectiveness and the outcome reached by the different policy measures towards Roma people adopted by the Italian Government since the spring of 2008. According to Luigi Manconi, sociologist, Roma people are unpleasant to many people and there is no doubt that some of them live committing crimes and inducing their children to beg. Although Roma, like everyone else, are accountable for their actions, other factors have concurred to shape this situation.

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The urban experience of young Roma children. An under-studied question

In its work at regional level within the EU, the Bernard van Leer Foundation focuses on Roma populations, who across Europe face higher risks of discrimination and difficult living conditions. Catalina Ulrich of the University of Bucharest recently produced a report for the Foundation entitled ‘Research findings and best models of intervention supporting Early Childhood Development for young Roma children’. In this article she discusses her different experiences of working with Roma children in urban settings compared to rural ones.

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Early Years Outreach Practice. Supporting early years practitioners working with Gypsy, Roma and Traveller families with transferable ideas for other outreach early years workers.

This document is aimed at anyone working outreach with children from Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities. Its purpose is to share and reflect the work, knowledge and ideas of practitioners nationally. It draws on the experiences and understanding of practitioners currently working in rural and urban locations, within Traveller Education Support Service (TESS) teams and in Sure Start Children Centres in the UK. The information and ideas contained in this document may be transferable to practice with other families currently excluded from early years services.

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Roma and the enforcement of anti-discrimination law.

In general, the situation of Roma children, pupils and students remains challenging across Europe.

This report aims to examine the current situation of the enforcement of non-discrimination law in Europe with regard specifically to Roma and their rights. The report is based on the professional assessment of 27 national non-discrimination experts of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, and covers all EU Member States, with the exception of Malta.

It contains a chapter on education which includes an analysis on school segregation.

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Realizing the rights of Roma children and women in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Serbia

Summary analysis of key findings from MICS surveys in Roma settlements in the three countries.

The lack of information on Roma communities, especially children, young people and women, hinders the development of effective social inclusion policies. In response, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia are taking crucial steps to end Roma exclusion, by monitoring progress and developing policies to prevent discrimination. These bold initiatives set a valuable example for other countries to follow.

Drawing on these efforts, the UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe/ Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS) has produced a study on the situation of Roma children and women in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Serbia to find out how Roma children fare in comparison to non-Roma and where positive progress has been made in social inclusion. This study fills a major gap in available research and disaggregated data on Roma children, young people and women.

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No Data No Progress – Country Reports (2010)

Data Collection in Countries Participating in the Decade of Roma Inclusion 2005–2015.

The lack of data about Roma communities remains the biggest obstacle to conducting any thorough assessment of how governments are meeting their Decade commitments towards Roma inclusion, despite widespread agreement among participating governments about the crucial need to generate data disaggregated for ethnicity in order to assess and guide policies.

This data deficit prompted the Open Society Foundations’ Roma Initiatives to ask the basic questions that guided this report: What are the barriers to governments compiling or generating data disaggregated for ethnicity? Do such data even exist? If so, have governments collected disaggregated data to assess progress? Have governments made the necessary changes in their practices to ensure that this can be done, and that data are available? Are there other organizations (NGOs, policy institutes, multilateral and intergovernmental agencies) that are producing quality data that could help states to measure progress?

Find a quick review of the data available here.


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