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Effective Roma integration measures in the Member States 2016

This European Commission communication reports some conclusions regarding on the implementation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies. It also reviews the Roma integration measures put in place in different countries under the EU Council Recommendation.

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Accelerating the Process of Roma Integration – Council Conclusions

The 2016 Council of the European Union conclusions state firmly that the EU Member States and the Council have to continue cooperation in accordance with the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS). Member States are asked to: accelerate the implementation of the NRIS; ensure equal access to employment and education; ensure that the situation of Romani children is addressed in mainstream policies or in targeted measures; increase the efforts to eliminate all forms of segregation in education by promoting equal access to inclusive as well as quality early childhood education and care; eliminate the segregation of Roma children in special schools. It is urged to the European Commission to provide continuous support, guidance and funding to national, regional and local authorities, Roma civil society and other relevant actors actively engaged in Roma integration.

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Midterm review of the EU framework for National Roma Integration Strategies

This midterm review takes stock of the progress since the launch of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (NRIS) in 2011. The EU Framework aims to close the gap between Roma and non-Roma in four key areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing. This review is based on data on how the situation of Roma has changed, and inputs from national authorities, civil society and other partners. The midterm review claims that education is the main area in which the situation of Roma improved and it is also the most prominent area in EU Member States’ policy mix for Roma inclusion. The participation rates of Romani children in early childhood education and care have increased. Early school-leaving, segregation in education and poverty risk among Roma remain high, the report states.

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EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies

 

An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies (2011)

The EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies is calling on EU Member States to prepare or revise National Roma Integration Strategies in order to address more effectively the challenges of Roma inclusion and to tangibly improve the situation by the end of 2020. The endorsement of the Framework by EU heads of states and governments indicated that Roma inclusion is becoming an important priority for all Member States, despite the economic and financial crisis. The aim of the EU Framework is to help the Member States to make a tangible difference to Roma people’s lives by bringing change in the approach to their inclusion. Member States need to develop and implement an integrated and sustainable approach that combines efforts across different areas, including education, employment, health, and housing.

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Hearing Emanuel's story

 

Hearing Emanuel’s story (2011)

This is an example of Roma good start initiative in Topaana, a Roma settlement in Skopje, the capital of The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Emanuel is a six-year-old Roma boy with hearing disability. It caused him severe difficulties in communications and in education access. Thanks to Sumnal, a local NGO in Skopje, Emanuel and his family received the right support to prepare him to get ready for school and improve his quality of life.

Read the report in Romanian

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Roma inclusion in Romania

Roma Inclusion in Romania: Policies, Institutions and Examples (2012)

This report represents an intermediary stage within the project titled, “Adapting shared experiences to each partner”. The project objective is the development of cooperation practices in the field of Roma inclusion by cross-border transfer of data and exchange of local good practices in order to promote the inclusion of Roma. The project also aimed at increasing the capacity of organizations dealing with Roma integration in Romania, Spain, Italy, and Bulgaria.

The report briefly presents the national and European public policies and initiatives applied in the last two decades with regard to the Roma minority inclusion in Romania. It seeks to identify the limitations and problems, success or failure, as well as the potential future solutions of public policy action. Although there are some positive practices targeting Romani children education in the report, it is shown how ethnic segregation and lack of access to quality education remain big challenges.

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RECI Madeconia

Roma Early Childhood Inclusion Macedonia Report (2011)

A detailed picture of early childhood policy and provision frameworks in Macedonia, highlighting the barriers and opportunities for improving the access of Roma children to appropriate and high-quality early childhood development (ECD) services. The principal objective of the report is to provide data on young Romani children’s exclusion from society and to make this available to decision makers and key stakeholders that work on early childhood policies and programs. In order to protect the Roma community from the risks of segregation the following recommendations are made: extra effort is needed to prepare the ethnic majorities (Macedonians and Albanians) for greater inclusion of minority groups (Roma) and to value diversity in society. There have been some notable initiatives in the country to support Roma children’s education but more effort is necessary to: strengthen regulations in relation to ECD services; support human capacity development in order to enable Roma children to participate in and benefit from high-quality early childhood education services.

Read the report in Macedonian here.

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